A commonly used procedure for replacing missing teeth, in a number of clinical situations is use of dental implants. It is in the jawbones that implants are characteristically inserted in a surgical manner.
There is however a few restrictions involved with use of dental implants. In the event that bone volume is not sufficient, in particular in posterior maxilla, use of dental implants would not come across as a feasible solution. The bone may not be in a position to put up with iterative biting forces. Similarly, inserting an implant may render its effects over the bone’s strength.
It is for the purpose of overcoming these limitations that alternatives for therapeutic treatments have come to fore. They involve placing the implants in particular anatomic areas, such as the zygoma.
While placing zygomatic implants calls for a high degree of surgical expertise along with a sufficient bit of training, it does have its own advantages as well.
Zygomatic implants placed at a dental implant clinic are a surgical and prosthetic solution which is based entirely on evidence. It overcomes a traditional methodology, which focused on maxillar reconstruction by use of autogenous bone grafts. The former, in comparison is quicker and more convenient. It renders comfort to a patient.
Zygomatic implants may follow an immediate or a two stage loading protocol. The immediate loading protocol is the preferred procedure nowadays.
A severely resorbed edentulous maxilla would not make most implant procedures feasible, but the zygomatic implants. They may alternately be used for partially edentulous situations.
Regular dental implants cease to be an option for patients who have a poor bone quality. There are cases wherein a patient is suffering from maxillary resorption, which is characterized by decay of dentin and cementum, which are two significant components of the tooth. Cementum binds the root of the tooth to the gums.
Regular dental implants come across as being problematic in such cases because grafting of the bone would be a process time consuming for such patients.
Zygomatic implants stand a higher chance to be effective in such a scenario. As implied by the name, Zygomatic implants anchor on to the Zygomatic bone.
Among the key advantages of Zygomatic implants is that they can be loaded on with teeth immediately following their placement. This often comes across as a matter of much delight for the patients. It ensures that they can resume their normal life immediately following the procedure.
A protocol is defined for the procedure for Zygoma Implants. The first step involved with the same is to insert Zygoma Implants, one following the other, starting from the inside of the mouth. This must start from the alveolar crest.
Anchorage to the cheekbone is much firm. Hence stability is an assurance at primary levels.
There are two prime methodologies for Zygomatic implant procedures. One is by going through maxillary sinuses. Other is by placing the implants right next to maxillary sinuses.
They are selected subject to the patient’s anatomy. However the former procedure keeps the risk of sinusitis lower.
If the need for additional stability is called for, standard implants can be accommodated, up to 4 in numbers.
Zygomatic implants come with a host of advantages.
Time for restoration of the bone is quicker. Hence the teeth can be affixed immediately following the placement of implants.
This comes across as a significant improvement as compared to traditional implants. A few of the traditional methods of grafting involve a number of surgeries. They may have a waiting time of as long as nine months before teeth are placed over them.
Time taken for loading teeth on to Zygomatic implants is lesser because the soft tissue, on which the implants are placed does not swell up. So patients find it comfortable to put up with the teeth that are placed on to the implants. The procedure renders a higher degree of comfort for the patients.
Once the teeth are in place, the patient resumes normal lifestyle. He can eat and drink with ease.
But like other implant procedures, it is of importance that a patient pays heed to tips and suggestions for after care.
With Zygomatic implants in place, trips to the dentist are typically fewer in numbers, as compared to following regular implant procedures. Dental implant costs for Zygomatic implants is higher than the others but not much.